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Practical T-SQL
Lesson 51. Reduce Code And Save Time With Default Column Values
If you have a column that represents the datetime of when a record was loaded, there is no reason for you to write CURRENT_TIMESTAMP over and over when you insert data into that table.
Instead, when you create the table, specify that column’s default value of GETDATE. You can do it programmatically or in the table designer.
Below is an example of a data warehouse staging table template containing a primary key and standard audit columns. As you can see, each audit column has been assigned a default value there by reducing your insert statement by six lines.
Considering you will be writing thousands of procs over your career, the time saved from not having to write six lines is significant.

Examples

Setting The Defaults For Audit Columns
In [ ]:
USE demo
CREATE TABLE YourSchemaName.YourStageTableName(
[ETLKey] [uniqueidentifier] NOT NULL,
[UniqueDims] [varbinary](35) NULL,
[UniqueRows] [varbinary](16) NULL,
[SourceSystem] [nvarchar](255) NULL,
[Cleansed] [bit] NULL,
[ErrorRecord] [bit] NULL,
[ErrorReason] [nvarchar](255) NULL,
[Processed] [bit] NULL,
[RunDate] [datetime] NULL,
CONSTRAINT [PK_YourStageTableName] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
[ETLKey] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
ALTER TABLE [YourSchemaName].[YourStageTableName] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_YourStageTableName_ETLKey] DEFAULT (newid()) FOR [ETLKey]
GO
ALTER TABLE [YourSchemaName].[YourStageTableName] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_YourStageTableName_SourceSystem] DEFAULT (N'Copia') FOR [SourceSystem]
GO
ALTER TABLE [YourSchemaName].[YourStageTableName] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_YourStageTableName_Cleansed] DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [Cleansed]
GO
ALTER TABLE [YourSchemaName].[YourStageTableName] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_YourStageTableName_ErrorRecord] DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [ErrorRecord]
GO
ALTER TABLE [YourSchemaName].[YourStageTableName] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_YourStageTableName_Processed] DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [Processed]
GO
ALTER TABLE [YourSchemaName].[YourStageTableName] ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_YourStageTableName_RunDate] DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [RunDate]
GO
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